There is nothing new about protected areas of some wild nature spots to preserve exceptional and vulnerable animals, plants, or objects. These reserves have their own titles, as a result, marine reserve or marine protected area is a fully protected marine place, no-take zones, marine sanctuaries, ocean sanctuaries, marine parks, or locally managed marine areas to keep the natural environment, local fishes, animals, and other organisms alive and protected. There are many different marine protected areas around the world, and they have different levels of restrictions there, so some protected areas can be visited and explored while others are totally closed for any activities of human beings.
Marine protected areas are important to preserve the local species. However, these areas are needed to keep the natural state of a body of water also. The conservation work done by the marine protected areas is increasing the overall wellbeing for both humans and wildlife. The well-designed and managed areas can ensure a healthy ecosystem and even turn around the downward trends of marine biodiversity. Here are a few examples of the best marine protected areas around the world.
Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, Australia
The Great Barrier Reef might be considered as one of the most protected areas in the world. The reef is protected by the government laws, as a result, many activities are suspended here. These act to reduce damage to the reef due to anchoring destroying soft coral, chipping hard coral, and disturbing sediment as it is dragged across the bottom. Tourism must comply with speed limits to prevent excessive wake from the boats disturbing the reef ecosystem. There is a special authority of this area that are ensuring the compliance and legitimacy of rules.
Galápagos Marine Reserve, Ecuador
This is one of the most popular marine protected areas and almost everyone knows the archipelago of Galápagos after the book “On the Origin of Species” written by Charles Darwin. This archipelago is found about 900km from Ecuador. These islands are very closed as they have no direct connections with the mainland and there are no urban, touristic, or agricultural activities made by human beings, as a result, the most endemic species of anywhere in the ocean can be found only here. However, Galápagos became a popular tourist destination, so the archipelago has been declared the marine protected area in 2016 to suspend such activities until the minimum.
Cocos Island National Park, Costa Rica
The island has 235 known species of flowering plants, of which 70 are endemic, 74 species of ferns and fern allies, 128 species of mosses and liverworts, 90 species of mushrooms, and 41 species of slime molds. However, it is possible that some species are still undiscovered. Moreover, about 400 known species of insects can be found in Cocos Island National Park. The most impressive is a part of marine life, so the wonderful coral reef, volcanic tunnels, caves, and deeper waters surrounding host more than 30 species of coral, 60 species of crustaceans, 600 species of mollusks and over 300 species of fish including yellowfin tuna, sailfish, scalloped hammerhead shark, the whale shark, and many more. As a result, the highest level of protection is declared here, and any commercial activity is prohibited.