Part two of our blog to find some of the solutions to save the earth’s marine birds looks at the different regional efforts that are now taking place around the world. Marine bird-life is so important to the world’s ecological system that it is not just a case of preserving beautiful creatures, it matters greatly that their natural habitats are also preserved.
There are now in place some global agreements that actively promote marine conservation such as the Agreement for the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels. This agreement is a legally binding treaty that is looking to preserve petrels and albatrosses by using international combined action. Factsheets are now made available with detailed information of migration patterns of these two species of marine bird.
The Seas and the United Nation
The High Seas Alliance has been working in partnership with Birdlife to help with any talks and negotiations that are under the U.N Convention on the Law of the Seas (UNCLOS). The main purpose of these talks are to apply the U.N rules that fall beyond the two hundred miles of water that are controlled by nearby countries.
The Convention on Biological Diversity is otherwise known as the CBD or the Biodiversity Convention and it is an international treaty that has been signed by 196 different parties. Its three main objectives are:
- The conservation of biodiversity.
- The sustainable use of its different components.
- And an equitable sharing of any benefits.
The CBD tries to implement protected areas of work and the conservation of biodiversity. And in particular to identify biologically and ecologically significant areas of marine life.
The U.N Food & Agriculture Organization
This United Nations organization is primarily concerned with reducing bycatching (incidental catching) of seabirds by the fishing fleets of the world, especially longline fishing. The FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) was formed in 1988 and the policy is called IPOA-Seabirds, all world countries are encouraged to implement the strategies and action plans to reduce seabird incidental catching.
It is not just through global organizations that change is being effected around the world, at regional levels too things are beginning to change in the favor of marine bird-life conservation. Recent examples of regional marine life conservation initiatives have been the Pacific Regional Environmental Programme and the Nairobi and Abidjan Conventions.
Marine Stewardship Council
The Marine Stewardship Council is widely regarded as the most effective and robust mechanism that certifies sustainable fishing. It regularly comments on individual fishing policies from around the world and how to better implement effective and sustainable fishing.
All these organizations and different world and regional policies to protect our marine seabirds is gradually turning the tide in the fight against their extinction. It would be hard to imagine a world without terns or petrels or albatrosses and gulls. And the fight must continue to educate the fishing fleets of the world so that bycatching becomes a thing of the past and no more marine birds are killed with such thoughtless actions. This can be prevented, and the relevant world and regional parties have to put legislation in place to eradicate it.